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Therapists use all sorts of complicated words to describe their particular style of therapy, which can be really confusing.
This table explains some common terms you might come across:
Arts or creative
Uses creative processes such as painting, drawing, drama and music as a way to help explore and communicate difficult or confusing feelings – such as in arts and creative therapies.
Explores the way you act.
Explores your thoughts and the way you think – such as in cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).
Explores opposite positions and looks at how they might exist together – such as in dialectical behavioural therapy (DBT).
Focuses on the individual as a whole, including mind, body, spirit and soul.
Involves becoming aware of all your current thoughts and feelings and accepting them. Often involves mindfulness techniques, such as meditation and breathing exercises.
Focuses on using your own strengths and insight about yourself to encourage personal growth and improve relationships.
Psychoanalytic (or analytic)
Focuses on unconscious, deep-rooted thoughts that often stem from childhood.
Psychodynamic (or dynamic)
Explores how your unconscious thoughts might affect the way you act.
Focuses on what you want to achieve in the future rather than exploring past experiences.
In the Person-Centred Approach the counsellor trusts the client to find their own answers and direction. The counsellor is a fellow traveller on the client's journey, helping the client to understand how they interact with the world and helping them to develop a greater sense of self-awareness in a (physically and psychologically) safe environment.
The essential qualities needed to create this environment are empathy, acceptance and congruence. These core conditions, are at the heart of the Person Centred Approach.